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shikisoku
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PostPosted: Thu Mar 14, 2013 3:53 pm    Post subject: Tatoo Penalty Reply with quote
Criminals of Japan’s Edo Period Were Often Punished by Getting Face Tattoos

Quote:
for a time during the Edo Period (1603-1868) the go-to form of punishment for non-violent crimes was a tattoo right in the center of your forehead.

Called a “tattoo penalty” (irezumi kei) it was handed down to perpetrators of relatively minor crimes like theft and burglary.

http://en.rocketnews24.com/2013/03/14/criminals-of-japans-edo-period-were-often-punished-by-getting-face-tattoos/ (pics)
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Condottiero Magno
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PostPosted: Thu Mar 14, 2013 4:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Was distracted by the Peenzilla Worship festival article...Embarassed

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No prisons existed in the Edo period until the development of large cities like Osaka and Edo (Tokyo) which lead to an increase in crime. Before then, amputation of the nose or ear was the punishment of the day.

In 1745, tattooing replaced amputation as society became gentler and less blood-thirsty. This continued over the years with the face tattoos changing to the less embarrassing – and quite fashionable by today’s standards – arm tattoo.

Could this also been done out of practicality? I recall reading of a Medieval European soldier requesting the physician who treated him composing a letter that stated that his disfigurement was caused by battle, not from thieving, so as to find employment elsewhere.

A nose and/or ear could be lost for a number of reasons, so what way would there have been for a person to prove that this was the result of something other than criminal punishment?
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Bethetsu
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PostPosted: Sat Mar 16, 2013 3:05 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
In the Sung period among the "Five Punishments" were cutting off a leg 非刂(one kanji)・cutting off a nose鼻刂(one kanji)and tatooing 墨.So the idea of punishment by tatooing had been around for a long time.
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shin no sen
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PostPosted: Sat Mar 16, 2013 3:52 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Although removing a limb would indeed be punishing, facial disfigurement by cutting or tattoos, painful I'm sure, would have more effect on the social interaction of the criminal in community. Being on the head or face, very hard to hide and a definite warning to the society at large. The arm tattoo could be hidden only coming to light upon subsequent arrest, which would cause a different reaction by the officials in that this is a person convicted of previous crime and hardly able to mount a defense. When looking at some punishments meted out in China, I noticed at some re-created villages (used in some movies, so made accurately) that among dis-figuration, were punishments that humiliated the malefactor by preventing, by wearing devices, eating on one's own, being able to lay down etc. all with placards describing the offense. I think public humiliation for minor crime was an effective tool in Eastern society. John
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