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Hosokawa Gracia
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PostPosted: Wed Apr 03, 2013 6:16 pm    Post subject: Annaka Han Reply with quote
Does anyone know about the Annaka Han? Annaka was in the former Kouzuke Province, which is now in Gumma-ken. In the mid 1850-60s, the Daimyo was Itakura Katsuaki. I'm asking because Niijima Jou's family were from the Annaka Han.

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Bethetsu
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PostPosted: Thu Apr 04, 2013 3:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Annaka is a little west of the important city of Takasaki. From there the Nakasendo Highway
(see http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Highways) starts going towards the mountains, so it was a critical point. Annaka han was responsible for the Usui Barrier 碓氷関.

The Itakura family ruled Annaka for a short time in the 17th century, and then from 1749 on. The family was from Mikawa, so a long time fudai daimyo, and held many important posts. Itakura Katsukiyo was made a bakufu rôjû in 1767, for example. Katsuakira, the daimyo when Jou was born, was known as a man of letters. According to the J-Wikipedia, the daimyo from 1857 on was 板倉勝殷, Katsumasa or Katsutaka.
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Hosokawa Gracia
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PostPosted: Sat Apr 06, 2013 6:48 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Thank you, Bethetsu. Jou's father, Niijima Tamaharu was the writing master for the Lord Itakura Katsukira. In the biography, Life and Letters of Joseph Hardy Neesima by Arthur Sherburne Hardy, it mentions the this lord was "accomplished in Chinese classics, and was well known in the country as the finest scholar among the [daimyo]."

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Tatsunoshi
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PostPosted: Sun Apr 07, 2013 1:25 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Here's a bit more general information. Annaka was a 30,000 koku han with its 'capital' at Annaka castle. The Itakura were class 5 Fudai daimyo.They were a cadet branch of the main line in Bitchu-Matsuyama (and related to other cadet branches in Fukushima and Niwase). They moved around a bit domain wise, starting with Annaka (then 15,000) in 1681, moving to Izumi (20,000) in 1702, Sagara (25,000) in 1746, and finally back to Annaka in 1749.

During their 2nd tenure in Annaka, the chain of daimyo went from Katsukiyo, Katsutoshi, Katsuoki, Katsunao, Katsuakira, and Katsumasa. Probably the most important post the Itakura held was Kyoto Shoshidai, which was especially important in the period they held it (from 1601 through 1654 and later on for a couple of years) as they were responsible for keeping an eye on the Toyotomi. They were of course from the main branch. The daimyo of the Annaka branch was made a Viscount in the Meiji period.
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Hosokawa Gracia
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PostPosted: Sun Apr 07, 2013 2:51 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Thanks, Tatsunoshi. Good to know. They seem to be a rather obscure han, so it helps to get any info I can.

I wonder if the town of Annaka still exists?

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lordameth
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PostPosted: Sun Apr 07, 2013 6:49 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Certainly seems to: http://www.city.annaka.gunma.jp/

Albeit, with other municipalities having been merged into what is today called Annaka-shi.

Still, within that larger Annaka-shi, there is still a neighborhood called Annaka, though it doesn't seem to be called Annaka-machi or Annaka-mura or the like.

http://www.post.japanpost.jp/cgi-zip/zipcode.php?pref=10&city=1102110&id=37438
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Hosokawa Gracia
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 09, 2013 6:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Thanks Lordameth. I think I'll write to the city office of Annaka and ask them if they have a museum on Niijima Jou.

Perhaps, Doshisha U. in Kyoto is the only place to get more information of Niijima and Yae.

http://www.doshisha.ac.jp/english/research/institutes/archives.html

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PostPosted: Tue Apr 09, 2013 11:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Hosokawa Gracia wrote:
Thanks Lordameth. I think I'll write to the city office of Annaka and ask them if they have a museum on Niijima Jou.

His old family home has been made into a museum.
http://www.city.annaka.gunma.jp/kanko_spot/niijima.html
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Hosokawa Gracia
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PostPosted: Wed Apr 10, 2013 2:00 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Good to know! Thanks, Bethetsu. Perhaps my sons in Japan would like to visit Annaka. I imagine that the Doshisha archives and museum would have the most valuable letters and books though.

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