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Zenmaster
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 29, 2008 2:31 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Fantastic!
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 29, 2008 7:59 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
SHIMAZU TAKAHISA (1514-71)- . A capable and ambitious leader who extended Shimazu authority throughout Satsuma Province. The first daimyo to use firearms in battle at Kajiki in 1549.

The unique uma-jirushi has survived, photos show that it has darkened with age. The hata-jirushi and nobori #1 are based on one of the Sekigahara screens, with black bands on top to match the design on the uma-jirushi. The Shimazu mon in black on white flags represented the Shimazu army, while the black nobori were Takahisa's personal standards, most likely only displayed over his HQ.

SHIMAZU YOSHIHISA (1533-1611)- Eldest son of Takahisa. A capable commander supported by three competent brothers (Yoshihiro,Iehisa,Toshihisa), carried on his father's dream of conquering all of Kyushu. Defeating powerful neighbors the Otomo and Ryuzoji. In 1587 Yoshihisa surrendered and submitted to Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Rekishi Gunzo heraldry books show nobori with blue Shimazu mon on white for Yoshihisa. I've completed his set with flags using the same colors which appear on screens showing the Shimazu in battle with the Otomo. The blue uma-jirushi is based on one used in today's festival in Kyushu.

SHIMAZU IEHISA (1547-87)- Fourth son of Takahisa. Considered as one of the finest warrior and commander of the Shimazu. Fought in most of his brother Yoshihisa's battles. Distinguished himself in battles with the Otomo and the Ryuzoji and fought bravely against the invading Toyotomi forces.

These are the most often depicted flags of the Shimazu. Iehisa is identified as using black Shimazu mon on white.

SHIMAZU YOSHIHIRO (1535-1619)- Second son of Takahisa. An able leader who is said to have fought in 52 battles. Served in many of his brother Yoshihisa's campaigns. At Kizakihara in 1572 Yoshihiro with only 300 men defeated Ito Yoshisuke's 3,000. Became daimyo after the Shimazu's submission to Hideyoshi. Led 10,000 men in the Invasion of Korea in 1592. Survived the Battle of Sekigahara where the Shimazu army was almost destroyed.

Yoshihiro's extensive set was pieced together from several RG heraldry books. The black nobori were Yoshihiro's personal standards and they were most likely displayed only over his HQ. Photos of a surviving example of sashimono #1 show it to be in bad shape.

SHIMAZU TOYOHISA (1570-1600)- Son of Iehisa. Served under his uncle Yoshihiro in the siege of Odawara 1590, the Korean Invasions and at Sekigahara, where Toyohisa was killed fending off enemy troops, allowing Yoshihiro to escape.

This is a speculative set based on another Sekigahara screen where the set above appear alongside that of Yoshihiro. The red nobori functioning as personal standards over the HQ.

SHIMAZU (Matsudaira) IEHISA TADATSUNE (1576-1638)- Second son of Yoshihiro. Became daimyo after Sekigahara. He led the Shimazu army during the Osaka Winter Campaign fighting for the Tokugawa. Led an expedition in 1609 that captured Okinawa and it's king for the Tokugawa.

Described in The Sourcebook and appears in the folding screen and woodblock copies of O Uma-Jirushi


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PostPosted: Mon Sep 01, 2008 4:28 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
evalerio wrote:
Zenmaster wrote:
Fantastic!


Thank you, Isaias! Last year you posted two color plates of nobori that had a very elaborate and unique blue and red hata-jirushi. This was on Templars's 'Heraldry during the Sengoku Era' thread . A few days ago I located it on one of the Sekigahara screens and identified the contingent. I will add this to the Mori section in a few days. Thank you again.


Glad they came in handy. I found a couple more that I sent in a PM.
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PostPosted: Mon Sep 01, 2008 6:52 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
KONISHI YUKINAGA (1558-1600)- Commander of half of the vanguard army in the invasion of Korea. Distinguished himself in the Siege of Tongnae and advanced as far as Pyongyang where he would fight two epic sieges. At the second siege of Pyongyang he was forced to withdraw by a massive allied Ming and Korean army. The first to land in the Korean Invasion, he was also the last to leave in the end of the Korean campaign. On the losing side at Sekigahara he was executed with Ishida Mitsunari.

Konishi banners appear prominently in Sekigahara screens and in color plates in Rekishi Gunzo books. In the Korean mini-series 'The Immortal Yi Soon Shin' Yukinaga was one of the main villains and his banners appear prominently, where a good close up of a reproduction of his colorful uma-jirushi appear in Yukinaga's HQ.

SO YOSHITOSHI (1568-1615)- Daimyo of Tsushima. Took part in the invasion of Korea and fought in the first battle at Pusan. He fought beside his father-in-law Konishi Yukinaga at the epic second siege of Pyongyang. He sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara campaign.

The banners with Paulownia mon are from a color plate in Stephen Turnbull's Osprey Campaign Book 'The Samurai Invasion of Korea 1592-98'. A very nice color plate inaccurately showing samurai wearing sashimono while wearing jinbaori. Having sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign So heraldry appear in O Uma jirushi, no longer dislaying the kamon of the Toyotomi, showing instead a red nobori. The sashimono is speculative and is a smaller version of the nobori.


ARIMA HARUNOBU (Christian Name PROTASIO) (1567?-1612) of the Shimabarra area of Hizen province started out persecuting Christians in his domain, but later became a Christian daimyo. Harunobu allied with the Shimazu, defeated a much larger Ryuzoji army at the Battle of Okita Nawate 1584. Harunobu later served Toyotomi Hideyoshi and led 2,000 men in Korea under Konishi Yukinaga. Harunobu supported the losing side in the Sekigahara Campaign. An Arima expedition to Formosa in 1609 ended in defeat with heavy losses. In 1612 Tokugawa Ieyasu had Harunobu executed for treason.
ARIMA NAOZUMI (1586-1641)- Harunobu's son and successor, a son who would persecute Christians and took part in the suppression of the Shimabarra Rebellion. Naozumi took part in the Osaka Winter Campaign and took up position in the siege lines in the Nakajima area, north of Osaka castle.

Naozumi's set appears in O Uma-jirushi, the main banners appear in Rekishi Gunzo's '118 Daimyo' book.
The compilation book of 100 heraldry sets from Rekishi Gunzo books has a more complete Arima set.


OMURA SUMITADA (Christian name DOM BARTOLOMEO) (1532-87) - Son of Arima Sumiaki and the uncle of Arima Harunobu. Baptised in 1562 he was the first Christian daimyo. Sumitada submitted to Ryujozi Takanobu who would summon him for the Battle of Okita Nawate against his own nephew Arima Harunobu. Sumitada missed the battle where Ryuzoji Takanobu was killed in action.
OMURA YOSHIAKI (Christian name DOM SANCHO) (1568-1615) - Sumitada's son Yoshiaki served Toyotomi Hideyoshi and led 1,000 men in Korea under Konishi Yukinaga.
OMURA SUMINOBU (Christian name DOM BARTOLOMEO) - Sumitada's grandson Suminobu was baptised a Christian, but would persecute Christians and took part in the crushing of the Shimabarra rebellion.

Three generations of the Omura used the banners above. Illustrated in O Uma-jirushi and in Rekishi Gunzo's '118 Daimyo' book.


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PostPosted: Wed Jul 08, 2009 9:40 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
ENEMIES OF THE SHIMAZU:


TACHIBANA MUNESHIGE (1567-1642) - Succesfully defended Tachibana castle against the Shimazu in 1586. Led 2500 men in the invasion of Korea under the command of Kobayakawa Takakage and distinguished himself in the siege of Ulsan. Sided against Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara campaign where he besieged Otsu castle. He fought his last battle during the Shimabarra Rebellion.

Muneshige's banners appear in O Uma-jirushi and in Rekishi Gunzo's '118 Daimyo'. The first time I saw Muneshige's elaborate personal banner, the hata-jirushi with sanskrit characters was in Turnbull's 'Samurai Warriors'. A photo of the actual hata-jirushi appear in a Gakken book of Tachibana armour. Osprey's 'Siege Weapons of the Far East #2' has a color plate of Tachibana troops besieging Otsu castle where only the samurai wear the elaborate red six-flag sashimono. The black and white sashimono and the alternating red/white plumed uma-jirushi appear in a copy of O Uma-jirushi in a book of Kuroda collection.

OTOMO SORIN (1530-87)- A powerful Christian daimyo often in battle with the Shimazu and defeated by them at Mimigawa.

Otomo banners appear in several Rekishi Gunzo books.

ITO SUKEYOSHI (1588-1636) - The Ito were defeated by the Shimazu, but served Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the invasion of Kyushu. Ito Sukeyoshi fought at Sekigahara and joined Kato Kiyomasa against the Shimazu.

Ito banners appear in O Uma-jirushi. In a copy of O Uma-jirushi in the Kuroda collection the nobori has a white lower section. In one of the Sekigahara screens showing the different contingents fighting for Tokugawa Ieyasu are several blue Ito banners.


RYUZOJI TAKANOBU (1529-84)- Warlord of Hizen. A competent commander whose expansion of Ryuzoji power through Hizen fought against the Omura, Arima, Otomo, Nabeshima and the Shimazu. He was killed by the Shimazu at the battle of Okita Nawate.

The Ryuzoji sets are from Rekishi Gunzo books. The lozenge mon on sashimono #2 may be a simplified version of the more elaborate mon on sashimono #1.


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PostPosted: Wed Jan 27, 2010 1:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Does anyone have any info about the heraldry of some of the Southern Daimyo houses like Ryuzoji, Otomo, Sagara, Ito, Ouchi, Akizuki and also the Mori (only heraldry for Hidemoto and Nagayoshi have been posted, as well as the Shimazu and Arima houses)
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PostPosted: Thu Jan 28, 2010 1:00 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
I have some pics for Ito.

Mon Ito - "nine stars". You can see it below on the flags.

Ito Sukleyoshi's (1588-1636) heraldry as per folding screen O-Uma Jirushi:

From left to right - nobori, umajirushi, samurai sashimono.

Here the picture of Ito heraldry after Sasama Yoshihiko (click to enlarge):

Nobori is the same, but samurai sashimono is different - one is blue with white mon, the other is red with white mon. Note that at the above picture the mon at red flag is gold. And what is black at this pic is in fact deep blue.

His heraldry also appear a bit different at the scroll O-Uma Jirushi:

Again, what is black should be deep blue (unless the fur ball). The red flag looks not like samurai sashimono but as an uma-jirushi - it is bigger than similar blue flag and the mon is bigger as well.

Who can read Japanese at this pictures? Can you help to find the truth?
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PostPosted: Thu Jan 28, 2010 1:26 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Goto Mototsugu served Kuroda Yoshitaka and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He fought in Korea and Sekigahara. The Vanguard commander of the Osaka army, he died at the battle of Domyoji.

The nobori and uma-jirushi are described in The Sourcebook and they appear in Rekishi Gunzo's '118 Daimyo' book. The black sashimono identify the Goto contingent in one of the Osaka screens. The white Uma-jirushi and 3d sashimono are from a new '100' daimyo heraldry book.


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PostPosted: Thu Jan 28, 2010 5:10 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Kikkawa has been added to the Mori section on page 4.

Continuing the theme of 'Southern Warlords'...

The Nabeshima were a prominent family in Kyushu, Naoshige aiding the Ryuzoji in the war against the Otomo. Naoshige aided Toyotomi Hideyoshi in his invasions of Kyushu and Korea.

Katsushige was Naoshige's son. He kept the Shimazu in check during the Osaka campaign. He took part in the suppression of the Shimabarra Rebelion;

The sets are based on 'O Uma-jirushi'. The Nabeshima set is described in Turnbull's Sourcebook and is featured in several Rekishi Gunzo books. Nobori #1 is the Nabeshima banner. Nobori #2 and 3 are identical to the Ryuzoji nobori, but appear in the Nabeshima set in one of the Rekishi Gunzo books.

Nabeshima Motoshige is Katsushige's son and was with him during the Shimabarra Rebellion.


The set is described in the Sourcebook and based on 'O Uma-jirushi'. The lower 3d object in the Uma-jirushi is said to be silver, as is the slashed-edged sashimono


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PostPosted: Thu Jan 28, 2010 7:00 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Great job, as ever, Emmanuel ! Very Happy

Hadn't you better spell Mori with a macron (Mōri), in order not to mistake this name with unrelated Mori family of Mino province (to which Mori Ranmaru belongs) ?
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PostPosted: Thu Jan 28, 2010 10:45 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Evalerio, if I can comment, I have some doubts that Ito's banners were black. I guess you used O Uma Jirushi woodblock scroll and the problem with it is that it sometimes shows black in the place of deep blue. This is quite common for Japanese woodblockprints. For example, those related to Japan-China war of 1894-94, or Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905, show Japanese soldiers in black uniform, while we prefectly know they were wearing blue. I am afraid the same problem is here. I've compared this "red-black-white" scroll with the O Uma Jirushi represented on a folding screen (see my previous post) and found that many banners were deep blue, not black. Also, if you look at Sasama pic that I posted above, you'll see that deep blue appears in the captions for Ito's banners.

Thank you!
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 30, 2010 1:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Wow awesome work! Very Happy

did you manage to find anything about the Sagara and Akizuki, are they perhaps included in the O Uma-jirushi?

Also, regarding southern (and south-western) daimyo, don't forget about the Goto, Rokkaku and Amako, perhaps the Shoni too (they ruled over much of northwestern kyushu).

Too bad the Ryuzoji and Otomo didn't have as inspiring banners as I imagined them have (I mean really, what stopped them from having colourful banners? wouldn't it have been of more use in combat - it would make it easier to distinguish your warriors from the enemy)
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 30, 2010 1:35 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Ogami Itto wrote:

Too bad the Ryuzoji and Otomo didn't have as inspiring banners as I imagined them have (I mean really, what stopped them from having colourful banners? wouldn't it have been of more use in combat - it would make it easier to distinguish your warriors from the enemy)


Then you'd be disappointed with Amako.

Haven't spent much time with 'Southern' heraldry, but noticed the 'basics' in design. The mon rather than the color was important. Opposing Kyushu armies more likely all having white banners, with the mon being the main design to distinguish friend from foe.


The Amako spent many years at war with the Mori and the Ouchi.

Based on color plates in Rekishi Gunzo books. The sashimono is speculative based on how most armies in the south's basic sashimono.

NOTE To Ogami Itto: Ouchi is WIP. Check in at Templar's 'Heraldry during the Sengoku Era' thread for what little I currently have on the others on your list.


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PostPosted: Sun Jan 31, 2010 12:03 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Truly a magnificent thread Evalerio! I wonder could the use of five lucky colours be applied to the armies of the Southern daimyos as well? It would be odd to think that they did not use anything to differiate their different "regiments" from each other. Or if most of their flags were black prints on white backgrounds maybe the different "regiments" had different number of stripes on their Sashimonos?
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PostPosted: Sun Jan 31, 2010 12:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Kagemusha wrote:
Truly a magnificent thread Evalerio! I wonder could the use of five lucky colours be applied to the armies of the Southern daimyos as well? It would be odd to think that they did not use anything to differiate their different "regiments" from each other. Or if most of their flags were black prints on white backgrounds maybe the different "regiments" had different number of stripes on their Sashimonos?


I cannot confirm the use of the 5 lucky colors. The Shimazu and the Ito are examples that used other colors, and both fought outside of Kyushu. I don't have Ito banners of earlier periods. Ito Sukeyoshi's use of red, black and deep blue are practical as white versions would be very similar to the Hosokawa. The Ito and the Hosokawa were both present at Sekigahara.

NOTE: I just came across RED Shimazu banners among the Shimazu contingents in a different Sekigahara screen!!!
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ouchi Yoshitaka, daimyo of northern Kyushu. Defeated along with his Mori allies at the first siege of Gassan-Toda. He was overthrown by Sue Harukata and forced to commit suicide.

Ouchi banners appear in several Rekishi Gunzo books and in Turnbull's Sourcebook and Samurai Heraldry book.

It would appear that Sue Harukata adopted Ouchi heraldry after Yoshitaka's death.


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PostPosted: Wed Feb 03, 2010 6:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
I have found some further info on Akizuki, Akizuki Tanenaga fought at Sekigahara (on Ishida Mitsunaris side) but managed to keep his fief despite their loss in the battle.

He should be able to be identified in some of the Sekigahara screens (I've looked on some poor resolution pics on the net, but haven't found anything yet), and considering he seems to have been treated well after the battle (despite supporting the "enemies") he should be found in the O Uma jirushi.

I also found this page (in japanese) on the Akizuki house, there is a pic of one of their nobori. It may be of help trying to locate them on the sekigahara screens.

http://www2.harimaya.com/sengoku/html/akizuki.html

Edit: Sagara Nagatsune also fought at Sekigahara, supporting Ishida, I have nothing on his heraldry except his mon. Here is some further info on sagara family in japanese for those who can read:

http://www2.harimaya.com/sengoku/html/sagara_k.html
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PostPosted: Thu Feb 04, 2010 8:28 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
I just received a booklet on Japanese Heraldry this morning. It looks like a compilation of 100 sets of banners from various Rekishi Gunzo books. As a result I've updated sets above for Ito, Ryuzoji, Nabeshima and Goto.

Akizuki Tanezane was defeated by the Otomo. Sided with the Shimazu against Hideyoshi's invasion of Kyushu.

Akizuki Tanenaga served under Kuroda Nagamasa in Korea. Sided with Ishida Mitsunari at Sekigahara.

Tanezane's nobori is described in The Sourcebook which shows a woodblock print of the banner. Tanenaga's banners appear in the new book and in 'O Uma jirushi'. I haven't found Akizuki sashimono yet.
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PostPosted: Thu Feb 04, 2010 10:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Just been through the whole thread and loving all of it.

Have you sets for the Hachisuka Daimyo (Awa)?

I am interested in the Matsudaira (originally from Echizen) history of how they were beholden to the Honda family, and broke the character Hon 本 into two parts, their official dai 大, and then the root cross ju 十 for sword pennants. The Matsudaira who ended up in Tsuyama Castle had the Ken-ju-ji (dai of blades) adopted as their official Mon, and painted over the original brushwork crosses of the Mori clan on the Do breastplates.

At some point in late Muromachi, I am convinced that the temporarily(?)-Christian Hachisuka, who were also related to the Matsudaira, used the Juji part and created a black bladed cross (cross-blades) on a white background, but I can find any official record of this, just some artifacts, such as a Se-oi-bata/Sashimono. Their official Mon would have been the swastika, but this bladed cross must have been their Ura-Mon at least until Hideyoshi's repression of the Christians around 1583...
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PostPosted: Fri Feb 05, 2010 8:53 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Evalerio

This thread really is stunning work and extremely useful.
Many thanks for all your efforts, keep up the excellent input it is just amazing.
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PostPosted: Fri Feb 05, 2010 10:05 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Based on Rekishi Gunzo books.

Iemasa served Hideyoshi in the invasion of Shikoku and Korea.

The swastika sashimono are described in The Samurai Sourcebook. The rest are illustrated in color plates in Rekishi Gunzo books. The enormous nobori are likely to be flown over the HQ and the 'standard' nobori used by different 'companies' of the Hachisuka army. The 3d sashimono and the very tall black sashimono are likely to be worn by the hatamoto and the swastika sashimono worn by the rank and file.

Yoshishige sided with Ieyasu at Sekigahara and fought for him at Osaka.

Based on 'O Uma jirushi'. The horo is described as black and white in The Samurai Sourcebook, but depicted as black and red in the different copies I have of 'O Uma jirushi'.

The heraldry book I received yesterday has the added bonus of SCALE by showing standard bearers with all the banners and standards and samurai wearing the sashimono. Maeda Toshiie's O Uma-jirushi 'Shoki' banner is over two-storeys high! The Kikkawa red Uma-jirushi would spread over six samurai standing side by side. The Kuroda white fukinuki is the size of a small whale.

UPDATES:
Kikkawa on page 4 has been updated.
Kuroda on page 3 has been updated.


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PostPosted: Fri Feb 05, 2010 5:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Suberb work eval!!!

I have been trying to search for Akizuki warriors in some poor resolution sekigahara screens to no avail...

Have you found any info on Sagara and Mori heraldry?

Edit: wow, Kuroda and Kikkawa had some seriously titanic uma jirushis!
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PostPosted: Fri Feb 05, 2010 9:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Many thanks for the Hachisuka banners and standards, Evalerio. Excellent stuff. Exclamation Exclamation Exclamation

Found a simple clickable Sekigahara screen here:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9f/Sekigaharascreen.jpg

and one for Osaka
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/The_Siege_of_Osaka_Castle.jpg
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PostPosted: Sat Feb 06, 2010 10:25 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote
Murakami Takeyoshi, 'the 'Pirate King' of the island of Noshima ruled the Inland Sea. Takeyoshi was in command of the Mori navy that defeated Oda Nobunaga's navy at the First Battle of Kizugawaguchi. He was defeated by Nobunaga at Second Kizugawaguchi.

The nobori appear in the '100' heraldry book. Murakami banners appear on beautiful scale models of fighting ships in the Noshima Murakami Navy Museum in Miyakubo. As a sea-borne force the Murakami banners differ from their land-based counterparts. They are shorter and more compact for use aboard fighting ships.

The colorful uma-jirushi is based on what I presume is a modern copy displayed with a life-size wax figure of Takeyoshi in full armour in the Pirate Castle Museum in Innoshima. The edges of the uma-jirushi is an assumption as photos I have don't show the whole banner. The clipped lower edges may be intended to minimize wind resistance while at sea.


Last edited by evalerio on Wed Jun 09, 2010 4:41 am; edited 5 times in total
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marder
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PostPosted: Wed Feb 10, 2010 4:59 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
Evalerio

With reference to the discussion above on the Itô, and black being dark blue in some cases. I notice my other reference to a standard of the Kamei ke shows a standard for Kamei Shigemasa and it blue whereas yours on page 3 is the same but black for two other family members. Could this be the same issue.

I would put the image here but haven't worked out how to post it as yet.[/img]
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Tsubame1
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PostPosted: Wed Feb 10, 2010 9:56 am    Post subject: Reply with quote
There is enough material for a booklet under the "Samurai Archives" logo...

Great job Emmanuel.
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